1,800-Year-Old Sanctuary to Mithras discovered in Spain

1,800-Year-Old Sanctuary to Mithras discovered in Spain

Archaeologists excavating at Villa del Mitra in Cabra, Spain, have uncovered a sanctuary dedicated to the god Mithras, along with the remains of ritual banquets.

Mithraism rose to prominence as a cult religion that became popular in the Roman Empire in the late 1st century AD. Worship was a Romanised form of the Indo-Iranian god Mithra.

In Roman Empire during the 2nd and 3rd centuries, this deity was honored as the patron of loyalty to the emperor.

The Villa del Mitra, located within the Roman city of Licabrum, dates from the first century AD. The villa was named after a Mitra de Cabra sculpture discovered in situ in the second century AD, depicting Mithras sacrificing a bull (a symbol of death and resurrection).

Archaeologists from the University of Málaga, the Carlos III University of Madrid, and the University of Córdoba have, in the most recent excavations, uncovered the remains of a Mithraic sanctuary dating to the second century AD, with a second phase of construction from the end of the third century AD.

The sanctuary is a rectangular room located to the southwest of the Domus, measuring 7.2 by 2.5 meters (24 by 8 feet). It has a narrow entrance, that descends several steps leading into the sanctuary that has two flanking stone benches. On the right is a small water tank measuring 1.70 by 0.65 meters.

The research team believes that these benches were used by worshipers who sat to perform rituals and feasts in Mithras’ honor. The walls have fragments of Roman bricks, one of which has two holes or niches which would likely have held a tauroctony sculpture.

The floor is covered in a dark burnt layer that, upon closer inspection, revealed fragments of pigs, birds, and rabbits, indicating evidence of cooking during the ritual banquets.

The villa was originally excavated between 1972 and 1973, during which time a courtyard with a pond and several adjacent rooms with mosaic flooring was found.

Later excavations in 1981 uncovered the remains of a hypocaust, or subfloor heating system, as well as coins depicting Philip the Arab, Diocletian, and Valentinian II.

Mit

Related Posts

3,000-year-old human skeleton found in Romanian archaeological site

A 3,000-year-old human skeleton was recently discovered at an archaeological excavation site in the village of Drăguşeni, Botoşani county. The skeleton dates back to the beginning of…

Video: New Found Mysterious circle of intertwined human skeletons unearthed by Mexican archaeologists

The 2,400-year-old skulls faced several directions, and the 10 dirt-brown, pre-Aztec skeletons fanned out to the edges of an area resembling the cosmic spiral of the Milky Way. Nothing…

LOOK…More than 1,000 Ancient ѕkeɩetoпѕ found beneath Cambridge University

Archaeologists have discovered an enormous medieval cemetery containing an estimated 1,300 burials beneath St John’s College, Cambridge, thought to be among the largest medieval һoѕріtаɩ Ьᴜгіаɩ grounds…

Real, tangible eⱱіdeпсe that extraterrestrial beings really exist, in the form of a real аɩіeп ѕkᴜɩɩ

What would it take for people to believe in the existence of аɩіeпѕ? This is not a joke; the question is intended to be taken ѕeгіoᴜѕɩу. Credit:…

Archaeologists Uncover rаre Human ѕkeleton at Waterloo

Among the thousands of men ѕɩаіп on the battlefield at Waterloo, he dіed, unrecognised and uncelebrated. But almost 200 years later, archaeologists have ᴜпeагtһed the remains of…

Αrchaeologists Discover Uпderwater “Party” Romaп Villa

Fish dагt across mosaic floors aпd iпto the rυiпed villas, where holidayiпg Romaпs oпce draпk, plotted aпd flirted iп the party towп of Baiae, пow aп υпderwater…

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *